Many signs of developing diabetes can be seen. If you pay attention to them in time, the serious consequences of the disease can be avoided. Signs of diabetes at early stages may be poorly expressed, and symptoms are invisible. The treatment of diabetes mainly involves regulating blood sugar levels, controlling nutrition and dieting.
Diabetes has grown at the scale of the global epidemic: according to the World Health Organization, about 347 million people in the world have diabetes, and by 2030 their number may exceed 530 million. Diabetes is one of the leading causes of premature morbidity and mortality, as often leads to amputation of the limbs, loss of vision, renal failure and provokes cardiovascular disease.
Because of the lack of knowledge, most of them are unaware of their diagnosis until complications start to develop.
However, you may suspect a high risk of developing diabetes or the illness itself before blood sugar is tested. Enough to listen to your body.
What signs and signals of the body should be alert?
The cause of diabetes is high levels of glucose in the blood, caused by insufficiency of the insulin hormone that ceases to be produced by the pancreas (type 1 diabetes), or its development is disturbed (type II diabetes). 90% of patients suffer from Type II diabetes.
In people with obesity, diabetes is either already there, or will appear soon if they do not normalize the weight. Excessive weight reduces cellular sensitivity to insulin. Insensitivity to insulin suggests the development of type II diabetes. Staying in the blood, glucose destroys the blood vessels, and people are threatened with gangrene, heart attacks, strokes.
Increased appetite and craving for sweet
The brain needs glucose to feed. After taking food, the concentration of glucose in the blood increases. But if insulin sensitivity is disturbed, glucose does not enter the brain, but turns into fatty tissue into fats, which further increases resistance to insulin. And the brain still needs food, especially sweet. Therefore, a person eats more and heals more.
Such a hidden sign of diabetes is many people trying to explain the high load, lack of sleep, malnutrition, and stress. In fact, when diabetes mellitus increases fatigue and fatigue – the result that the muscles and the brain do not get enough glucose.
Because of the constant weakness and high appetite, a person in whose body diabetes develops, moves less, weight continues to grow and the situation intensifies.
The presence of these three signs – a serious reason to measure the level of glucose in the blood and do not delay the visit to the doctor.
In addition, diabetes mellitus is characterized by the following symptoms:
- Increased thirst, accelerated urination –To get rid of excess glucose in the blood, the kidneys have to work hard, so people often go to the bathroom, especially at night. Increased thirst is due to the fact that the body wants to fill the loss of fluid.
- Fast weight loss – Against the background of diabetes can occur not only a quick set of weight, but also its rapid loss. This symptom is particularly characteristic of type 1 diabetes. Insulin does not cope with the transport of glucose in cells to use it as a source of energy. As a result, the body feels itself starving, and begins to extract protein from the muscles. Kidneys work intensely, eliminating excess glucose from the blood, which also leads to a loss of calories and badly affects the kidneys.
- Skin itching, hyperpigmentation, coagulation of the skin – Occurs as a result of dry skin and impaired blood circulation. In this case, even at normal glucose levels in humans may already be insulin resistance.
- Slow wound healing – Excessive amounts of sugar damage the blood vessels, which complicates the flow of blood to the wound site and inhibits healing.
- Fungal infections (including persistent vaginal infections of women)- Fungi and bacteria are cozy in a medium rich in sugar.
- Obscurity – With diabetes, vague vision, feelings of floating objects and outbreaks in front of the eyes may occur. High levels of glucose affect the shape of the lens. When normalizing glucose levels in the blood, this symptom may disappear.
- Numbness, burning in the hands and feet, puffiness – Diabetes can damage nerve endings. If these symptoms have appeared recently, then control of the level of sugar allows them to get rid of them.
The earlier people will pay attention to signals that may indicate the development of diabetes, the more likely it is to stop the disease, or at least take it under control, in order to avoid mortally dangerous consequences.