Hypovitaminosis C, ascertained by a lack of vitamin C in a biological organism, can significantly affect the quality of human life, since a sufficiently large deficiency of vitamin C can trigger the development of such a disease as scurvy.
For adults, vitamin C deficiency is the most common type of vitamin deficiency. It is the low content of ascorbic acid (this is also called this vitamin) that brings the body the most discomfort and destruction.
Causes of Vitamin C Deficiency –
The main causes of vitamin C deficiency, which often provoke a shortage of it:
- Violation in the dosage or timing of acetylsalicylic acid.
- The same applies to medicines, which are based on estrogen (female sex hormones), as well as long-term use of oral contraceptives.
- Low in the human diet of plant foods that are rich in this vitamin. These include: strawberries, citrus fruits, wild rose hips, beets, tomatoes, black currants, cabbage, potatoes, sea buckthorn, Bulgarian pepper, carrots, green onions and many other products.
- Ignoring in my diet such meat foods as liver, brain matter and meat itself. But in this case, these bioproducts should not be processed thermally, for a long time and under a slightly opened lid.
- If a patient needed a hemodialysis due to a certain pathology.
- To provoke a deficiency of vitamin C is the excessive passion for alcoholic beverages.
- Hyperthyroidism is an endocrinological syndrome caused by hyperfunction of the thyroid gland.
- Vitamin C deficiency can be caused by impaired absorption of the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, which can cause intestinal upset (diarrhea) or if hydrochloric acid is not present in the gastric juice (achlorhydria).
- Violations in the process of removing vitamin C from the body, due to the high speed of this process.
- A number of chronic inflammatory diseases.
- High need of this vitamin during the period when the woman is expecting a baby, as well as during the feeding period of the newborn.
- Chronic stress.
- Thyrotoxicosis is a condition in which the body has for some reason too many thyroid hormones (thyroid).
- Malignant neoplasm.
- The resulting injury.
- Burn lesion of the skin.
- The consequences of surgery.
- Long, exhausting body diets.
With a lack of ascorbic acid in the patient’s body, he may have a number of negative factors that should not be ignored. Indeed, vitamin C deficiency can affect the formation of connective tissues, during which it takes the most active part.
The presence of the required amount of ascorbic acid in the human body contributes to an adequate process of iron absorption, as well as the active healing of wounds and burns of various genesis. As well as vitamin E, ascorbic has high antioxidant characteristics.
Symptoms of Vitamin C Deficiency
There are the following signs of vitamin C deficiency:
- With a shortage in the human body of this necessary vitamin, its defenses are significantly reduced, which leads to the fact that this person is characterized by increased pain. I did not have time to cure one disease, as I had already “picked up” another.
- The diseases themselves are harder and longer than those with normal levels of vitamin C.
- If this diagnosis concerns young children, then they may lag behind in development from their peers, both in terms of growth and mental indicators.
- Reducing the overall tone of the patient.
- Soreness of “bone tissue”, pains appear when moving.
- Irritability or, on the contrary, decrease in emotional activity, apathy.
- Memory impairment
- The fragility of blood vessels increases, which is fraught with the formation of hematomas in the subcutaneous, skin and muscle tissues.
- The gums begin to bleed.
- Frequent bleeding from the nasal cavity.
- Increases the likelihood of caries.
- Anemia or anemia is a blood pathology characterized by a deficiency of red blood cells (red blood cells) and hemoglobin in the blood.
- Loss of appetite.
- The skin becomes dry.
- Weight loss.
- There is a change in heart rate and blood pressure.
- Swelling of the joints may be observed.
- A high vitamin C deficiency is diagnosed with scurvy, which, among other things, is distinguished by a high degree of bleeding from the gums or vessels located in other tissues.
- With such characteristics, the patient can increase the temperature indicators of the body.
- In severe stages of scurvy on the body of the patient, ulcers that have not been passing for a long time begin to appear.
- In the future, there is a complication of an infectious nature, which, if proper assistance is not provided, may result in odontogenic sepsis and death.
Diagnosis of Deficiency of Vitamin C
In order to determine the disease, the diagnosis of vitamin C deficiency includes:
- Analysis of patient complaints.
- Visual examination of the patient by a specialist.
- Biochemical blood test, which reveals a deficiency of vitamin
Treatment of Vitamin C Deficiency
First of all, a patient with such a diagnosis needs to normalize their diet by introducing into it a sufficient amount of foods rich in this vitamin. As well as the treatment of vitamin C deficiency includes preparations of ascorbic acid.
For this purpose, the treating doctor may attribute ascorbic acid in the form of coated tablets or pills. The drug is prescribed to the patient in a daily amount of from 50 to 100 mg. Suitable as a decoction of wild rose or tea with lemon.
Vitamin C replenishing vitamin C deficiency is administered orally to a patient by mouth with a meal. The drug is available in the form of drops. In one drop of medication is about 5 mg of ascorbic acid. For newborns and young patients, the drug is recommended, before use, diluted with a small amount of water, juice, tea or enter in food. It is desirable to divide the recommended daily amount of the drug into two to three doses.
What to do If the Drug is Prescribed to newborns ?
If the drug is prescribed for the prevention of vitamin C deficiency, then for newborns and children up to one year the recommended dose is 25-40 mg of the drug, which corresponds to five to eight drops per day. For babies whose age falls in the range from two to eleven years, 50 mg is prescribed, which corresponds to ten drops per day. Adolescents whose age ranges from 12 to 17 years old are prescribed 75-100 mg, which corresponds to 15-20 drops per day.
But if the drug is used for medicinal purposes, the previously recommended numbers increase by two to five times, depending on the degree of lack of vitamin C in the patient’s body.
Do not Prescribe Drug to Hypersensitive Patient –
You should not prescribe this drug in case of hypersensitivity of the patient to ascorbic acid and / or other components of the drug.
What Multivitamins are Advised ?
All sorts of multivitamins are also used – a complex drug, which necessarily includes, and vitamin C. Today, the modern pharmacological market is ready to provide a fairly long list of drugs of this therapeutic group. For example, Ginvit, Vitrum, Gerovital, Biovital, Vidailin – M, Aerovit, Berokka, Hexavit, Quadvit, Gendquit, Supralin, Undevit, and many other vitamin complexes are among those which are used to treat vitamin C Deficiency.
Vitrum is recommended for use in adult patients and adolescents who have already turned 12, one tablet after the main meal once a day.
A contraindication to the prescription of this medicine is an increased intolerance of the patient’s body to the component components of the drug, as well as in the case of a tendency to allergic reactions or if there is hypervitaminosis A in the patient’s history.
Depending on the severity of the pathology, doctors divide the disease into three stages:
- Stage I – a slight deficiency of ascorbic acid. Therapy is carried out on an outpatient basis. Ascorbic acid is prescribed either in the form of tablets, the dosage specified above, or, if the situation has worsened, in the form of a 5% solution, is injected into the patient’s body intramuscularly in a dosage of 1 or 2 ml. In conjunction with this drug, a drug is prescribed, which contains basic vitamin R. For example, it can be quercetin, antistax, corvitin, venza, endothelon, calcium dobesilate, rutin and others.
Quercetin is prescribed to such a patient in a daily dosage of 0.1 – 0.15 g. The considered drug is contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to quercetin and preparations with P-vitamin activity.
- Stage II – the average degree of lack of vitamin in the patient’s body. Treatment of vitamin C deficiency is carried out in a hospital. A corrected diet is attributed to the patient, in which between 120 and 150 grams of protein per day should be present. Preparations with the active substance in the form of ascorbic acid are prescribed at the rate of 0.5 g or more per day.
- Stage III – a severe stage of the disease (third degree scurvy). Nutrition is being adjusted, and drugs with the active substance in the form of ascorbic acid are administered to the patient at the rate of 1.0 g or more per day. At the same time, at least one third of this amount should be injected into the patient’s body parenterally.
What Happens in Severe Vitamin C Deficiency –
In the case of severe disease, a high therapeutic effect is shown by the combination of a 5% solution of sodium ascorbate, which is taken in a volume of 1 – 2 ml, and a solution of glucose. This tandem enters the patient through the vein, which increases its effectiveness and reduces the time after which the expected therapeutic effect occurs.
In order to improve the patient’s condition as soon as possible, from 0.15 to 0.3 g of drugs, the main components of which are vitamin P, as well as 0.02 g of vitamin B1 preparations and 0.01 g of riboflavin (substances actively participating in the processes of protein, carbohydrate and fat metabolism, in the visual function of the eyes and the synthesis of hemoglobin).
The duration of treatment of vitamin C deficiency is usually about a month, but a person is obliged to maintain the level of ascorbic acid in his body, at the proper functional level, throughout his life.
If the therapy is carried out for small children, then usually the child receives an increased dosage permitted for his level, then the amount of the drug administered is reduced, and the therapy also lasts about a month.
In the course of lengthy clinical studies, the average amount of ascorbic acid was established, which a person needs to take per day to avoid this pathology:
- If a person has no health problems, his daily dosage of the vitamin in question is 0.1 g.
- For women who are “in position” and are carrying their baby, the daily dosage of vitamin is 0.4 g.
- For women who are already feeding the newborn with breast milk, the daily dosage of vitamin is 0.6 g.
Prevention of Vitamin C Deficiency –
The main prevention of vitamin C deficiency concerns mainly nutrition. The diet of any person should contain a sufficient amount of food products that are rich in this vitamin. These are primarily fruits, berries and vegetables, as well as meat products such as liver, brain matter and meat.
A person must lead an active and correct lifestyle, eliminating bad habits from it. It will not be superfluous in the springtime, when the body has squandered its vitamin supply during the winter, to regularly practice the monthly preventive intake of the vitamin complex.
Can we get rid off Vitamin C Deficiency ?
The answer to this question largely depends on the severity of the pathology, and its duration at the time of diagnosis. If the first symptoms of vitamin C deficiency appeared more than a year ago, then the prognosis of vitamin C deficiency is favorable, but not fully satisfactory, since it will not be possible to completely restore the patient’s body in this case. During this time, there have been such changes that are not recourse.
If the case is severe and during the course of treatment for three months it was not possible to obtain a therapeutic effect, it means that it is hardly possible in the future. For the rest of his life, the patient will have to be content with permanent maintenance therapy.
If the pathology was insignificant and the medical assistance came on time, the prognosis of vitamin C deficiency will definitely be safe.
What does it do to Person with Vitamin C Deficiency ?
Constant diets, stressful conditions and other negative factors can lead the human body to a decrease in its defenses when it remains unprotected to numerous infections and diseases of another kind. And the reason for this is a deficiency of vitamin C in the human body. Its lack reduces the body’s resistance, makes a person sluggish and apathetic.
Therefore, the quality of your life does not suffer. You should pay more attention to the signals of your body and at the first signs of beri beri undergo a preventive course of therapy. But still the main defense of your body is nutrition, rich in vitamins and minerals.